NATURAL STONE

 

Marble Tiles & Slabs
While Ceramic Tile is a man-made product, Marble, Travertine, Granite, Slate, Limestone and Quartzite are natural products made by Mother Nature. Marble has been used for centuries to grace the most lavish buildings in the world. Today, in the United States, Marble is gaining popularity as residential as well as commercial finish material.


What is Marble?
There are 3 types of rock on the Earth's surface:

1) Layered Rock which is Sedimentary in character

2) Changed Rock which is Metamorphic in character

3) Volcanic Rock which is Igneous in character


Marble is of the first two types.


Dolomitic Marble
Dolomitic Marble is layered (or sedimentary) in character and contains a mineral called "Dolomite". This type of marble is created from Limestone through the actions of pressure, heat and various minerals that pass or percolate through the rock during formation. There are 3 major groups of Dolomitic Marble:

1) Travertines (from salt-water Limestone)

2) Serpentines (from fresh-water Limestone)

3) Onyxs


Dolomitic marble comes from the quarrier in the following sizes and shapes:

Slab: (2-3 cm thick - standard) 3'x6' to 7'x10' (Avg: 4'x8')

Tile: (3/8" to 3/4" thick) 6"x6" to 24"x24" (Standard: 12"x12")


WARNING: All Dolomitic marbles are highly porous and very susceptible to weathering, thus, they need to be sealed and resealed over time.

Dolomitic marble is available from the quarrier in two basic finishes:
Polished (Voids filled or unfilled), and
Honed (Satin Finish)


Calcinate Marble

Calcinate Marble is changed (or metamorphic) in character and is created from Limestone through pressure and extreme heat. It is composed primarily of the mineral "Calcite". Calcinate Marble is harder and more durable than Dolomitic Marble.


Calcinate Marble:


Ranges in color from pure white to white or grey.

Has veins of differing colors caused by mineral impurities.

Sparkles like diamonds because of the light bouncing off of the large Calcite crystals


Calcinate marble comes in the following sizes and shapes:


Slab: (3/4" to 1" thick) 3'x6' to 7'x10' (Avg 4'x8')

Tile: (3/8" to 3/4" thick) 6"x6" to 24"x24" (Avg 12"x12")


Like Dolomitic Marbles, all Calcinate Marbles are available in two basic finishes:
Polished, and Honed (Satin Finish).


Calcinate marble is excellent for exterior applications or as an interior finish material. Specific uses are:


Exterior wall claddings

Interior walls

Interior floors

Bathroom vanities

Counter tops (except Kitchens)

Tables

Furniture


Granite Tiles & Slabs
Granite is volcanic (or Igneous) rock. When molten material from the Earth's core called "magma" comes up to just beneath the Earth's surface and cools, it becomes Granite. Granite is very hard and extremely durable. It has a very grainy structure and can be polished well. This type of stone comes in a variety of colors ranging from salt and pepper to reddish brown to jet black.


Granite comes from the quarry in the following sizes:


Slab: (3/4" to 1" thick) 3'x6' to 7'x10' (Avg 4'x8')

Tile: (3/8" to 3/4" thick) 6"x6" to 24"x24" (Avg 12"x12")


Granite is available in several finishes including:


Polished

Honed (Rough Finish - Special Order)

Flame Textured (Rough Finish - Normally Special Order)


Granite has many applications, including:


Interior & exterior wall veneers

Kitchen and bar counter tops

Bathroom vanity counter tops

Furniture tops

Tables and desks

Interior & exterior floors


Slate Tiles

Slate is a shale-type stone, having a straight cleavage. It is sedimentary in its origin often formed by a consolidation of volcanic ash. Colors range from black, grey & green to reddish brown.


Slate is available in the following sizes:


12"x12" to 18"x18"


Slate is a durable stone which is used primarily for:


Interior Floors

Exterior Floors


Limestone

Limestone is a layered (or Sedimentary) rock. Primarily composed of calcium (from seashells), it is the original rock from which marble is created.


Limestone is available in the following forms and sizes:


Tiles: 16"x16" & 18"x18" (Standard)

Slabs: (2 -3 cm thick - standard) 3'x6' to 7'x10' (Avg: 4'x8')


Limestone is fairly soft, yet it is used in many ways. Some of its applications are:


Exterior floors

Interior floors

Exterior walls

Interior accent walls

Planter & fountain claddings

       

 


 

Quartzite

Quartzite is a stone composed of grains of Quartz cemented together by Silica. It is a firm and compact stone with a body harder than marble. Its color is a blend of light & dark greys and silver with flecks of quartz lending a sparkle. Some stones have swatches of orange-rust running throughout.


Quartzite is available in the following forms:


Tiles: 12x12 & 16x16

Flagstone (Irregular Shaped)

Planking (Rectangular - Various sizes)


Quartzite is a durable stone which is used primarily for:


Exterior floors

Interior floors

 

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Sandstone

Sandstone is composed of silica which has been compacted. Sandstones come in various colors that range from tans to honey-colored earth tones.          


Sandstone is available in:


12x12 Tiles (Standard)


Sandstone was used as the main building material for all the monuments of ancient Eqypt. Today it is used primarily for:

Exterior Building Claddings

Interior Wall Treatments

Interior Floors (where staining from grease or oil is not likely)